Varicose Veins refers to the condition where faulty valves in your veins tend the blood to circulate in the opposite direction. You can identify this condition with purple or blue colored veins in the legs. You may also feel swollen ankles, itchy skin or pain in your legs.
Hampered Blood Flow:
The veins consist of one-way valves, which enable the blood to flow to the heart. Often, weaker veins or malfunctioning of valves makes it hard for the blood to reach the heart and it flows back to the legs due to gravitational force. Consequently, the blood accumulates in the veins of the legs, making the veins twisted, swollen and wide. Here are the other reasons
Weak veins: These happen when you perform an activity that exerts high pressure on legs
Obesity: Usually, obese people are more prone to pressurize their legs because of excess body weight.
Pregnancy: Expecting women are equally likely to suffer from varicose veins.
Sitting idle: People doing lesser physical activities end up weakening their muscles, hence becoming prone to varicose veins.
Age and genetics: Both these factors also contribute to this condition.
The surgeon will perform a physical test of the affected area to find out any symptom of Varicose Veins and recommend ultrasound to ensure proper functioning of valves.
If the tests for varicose veins come positive, the surgeon will start the first stage of the treatment. This will involve using tight fit compression stockings that will pressurize the legs to pump the blood back to the heart. The surgeon will recommend wearing these stockings tightly on a regular basis till the next few weeks. If this method ceases to work, he will proceed with advanced treatments.
In this method, the surgeon will inject a chemical multiple times into the affected area instead of anesthesia. As a result, the color will fade away in a few weeks.
After giving local anesthesia, the surgeon will infuse short bursts of laser energy directly to the veins in multiple laser sessions. This will shut all the occurrences of varicose veins.
The surgeon gives general anesthesia and checks out the veins’ exact location through a thin camera. Next, the removal of varicose veins takes place with the help of endoscopic surgery. This treatment is advisable only if other options do not work or in case of acute varicose veins.
The surgeon makes small incisions on the skin near the location of the veins after giving the local anesthesia. He uses a small endoscopic light to locate the veins. Then, he cuts these veins and removes them through incisions. This procedure could cause some bleeding and pain.
Litigation and Vein Stripping
The surgeon gives general or local anesthesia, which may lead to painful bleeding. He creates an incision at the top of the legs, cuts the varicose veins and ties them in a knot. Next, he creates another incision at the knee to take out the knotted veins.
The surgeon sends short radiofrequency wave bursts to the veins using a catheter to close the veins. It is ideal for large varicose veins.
Wear compression stockings in the legs for around two weeks to combat the formation of varicose veins
Take rest for a few days after the treatment as per instructed by the surgeon.
No swimming up to around four weeks after the surgery
Use painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs only as prescribed by the surgeon, especially for vein stripping and laser therapy
Exercise regularly and maintain your weight to discourage the formation of varicose again.
Summing up, varicose veins may affect your blood circulation from your legs to the heart, hence prompt intervention is inevitable. Make sure to consult only an experienced surgeon to perform the treatment for prompt and satisfying healing.
The information is being provided by CosmeticSurgery.in and have no intention to replace the medical advice of your doctor. Please consult your doctor directly for advice about a specific medical condition. This document was last reviewed by Dr. Bibilash Babu, Plastic Surgeon on: 12-JUN-2020.